Thursday, February 15, 2007

What is Diabetes?

These are the textbook definitions. Send in a comment on what diabetes means to you and how it has affected your life...

Type 1
Type 1 diabetes mellitus is characterized by loss of the insulin-producing beta cells of the islets of Langerhans of the pancreas. Sensitivity and responsiveness to insulin are usually normal, especially in the early stages. This type of diabetes can affect children or adults, but is termed "juvenile diabetes" because it represents a majority of cases of diabetes affecting children and young adults. Insulin injections or "shots" are required as in most cases the Islets of Langerhans in the pancreas stop producing this hormone.

Type 2
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is due to a combination of defective insulin secretion and defective responsiveness to insulin (often termed reduced insulin sensitivity). In early stages the predominant abnormality is reduced insulin sensitivity, characterized by elevated levels of insulin in the blood.

Gestational Diabetes
Onset generally at pregnancy and symptoms are shortlived. Sugar levels often return to normal after pregnancy.

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